What is Dyeing and Printing? Difference Between Dyeing and Printing

Definition of Dyeing and Printing | Comparison Between Printing and Dyeing in Textile

What is Dyeing?
Dyeing is one of the very important department of textile sector. All kinds of yarn, fabric are dyed by applying dyeing application, where liquor ratio is higher than printing. It should be noted here that, color penetrates through the fabric by applying dyeing application. It is also a cheap process then printing.

Dyeing vs printing in textile sector
Fig: Dyeing vs printing in textile sector
What is Printing?
Printing is normally done on fabric surface where liquor ratio is lower than dyeing application. In case of printing method, curing process is must needed. Another one thing is that printing is costly process then dyeing.

Difference Between Printing and Dyeing:
SL No.
In case of dyeing, dyes are applied in the whole fabric with equal quantity.
In case of printing, dyes are applied in the definite parts of fabric for producing design.
During batch application, more time required.
Less time required than dyeing application.
Here, liquor ratio is higher.
Less liquor ratio here than dyeing application.
Precise temperature is needed here.
Precise temperature is not needed in case of printing application.
Curing or steaming process is not needed here.
Curing or steaming process is needed for printing application.
Thickener is not used here.
Thickener is widely used here.
Not expensive.
Here, color penetrates throughout the fabric.
Here, color is applied only in the fabric surface.
Fabric becomes soft after dyeing application.
Printed fabrics will be harsh and hard after applying printing application.
The quantity of water is required more here.
Less amount of water is needed here.
Only one dye is used in case of dyeing application.
Here, one or more dye is used during the application of printing.
Half bleaching is enough for fabric preparation before applying dyeing application.
Full bleaching with optical whitener is needed in case of printing application.
Dye solution concentration is less in dye bath.
Printing paste concentration is higher in printing.
Fibres, yarn and fabrics are dyed by applying dyeing application.
Normally, printing is done on fabric surface
Precise design is not needed here.
Here, precise design is must needed.
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