Different Parts and Function of Circular Knitting Machine

Circular Knitting Machine in Textile:
In apparel manufacturing sector, knitted garment is one of the top demands from the buyer. Polo shirt, T-shirt, under garments all are produced from knitted fabrics. Knitted fabric is produced by using knitting machine. Among all the others knitting machine, circular knitting machine is widely used in knit fabric production. This article has shown the various parts of circular knitting machine and their functions.

Parts and functions of knitting machine
Fig: Parts of circular knitting machine
Parts of Circular Knitting Machine:
Circular knitting machine contains the below parts:
  1. Yarn tensioner,
  2. Cam box,
  3. Creel, 
  4. Feeder,
  5. Needle,
  6. Base plate,
  7. Take up roller,
  8. Yarn guide,
  9. Cylinder,
  10. Auto Stopper,
  11. VDQ pulley,
  12. Body,
  13. Sinker.
Functions of Circular knitting Machine Parts:
Functions of all knitting machine parts have described in the following:

1. Yarn tensioner:
It is used to perfect gripping of yarn by needle.

2. Cam box:
It is used to hold the cam according to the fabric design. Knitting cams are arranged according to the design.

3. Creel:
Creel is used to place the yarn cone. Yarn is supplied from here to the machine through the pipe.

4. Feeder:
It is totally related with fabric production. If the number of feeder is higher then fabric production will be higher.

5. Needle:
Needle is the main part of knitting machine. Needle is used to knit the fabric. There are different types of needle such as latch needle, bearded needle, compound needle etc. Among those latch needle is widely used in knitting technology.

6. Base plate:
Cylinder is situated on the base plate.

7. Take up roller:
It is used to take-up the fabric from the knitting machine. Take up roller also controls the proper tension on the fabric.

8. Yarn guide:
Yarn guide is used to guide the yarn. During it is necessary for maintaining proper tension on yarn.

9. Cylinder:
Cylinder is one of the important parts of knitting machine where all the needles are set. 

10. Auto Stopper:
If knitting machine is in the faulty situation then auto stopper will stops the knitting machine automatically.

11. VDQ pulley:
VDQ means variable dia for quality pulley. It controls the quality of the fabric. VDQ pulley is very important in maintaining proper stitch length.

12. Body:
Body of machine is the total area of knitting machine.

13. Sinker:
During loop formation sinker is used to hold and support the thread.

Types of Circular Knitting Machine for Different Knitting Techniques:
There are different types of circular knitting machines for different knitting techniques which are pointed out in the below:
  1. Open width knitting techniques machine,
  2. Double jersey circular knitting machine,
  3. Single jersey 4 track circular knitting machine,
  4. Body size rib knitting machine,
  5. Double jersey interlock knitting machine,
  6. Double face terry circular knitting machine,
  7. Computerized knitting machine with auto stripper,
  8. Fleece machine interchangeable terry machine,
  9. Circular knitting techniques machine,
  10. Rib 4 track knitting techniques machine.
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